Whales and dolphins

Top of Page The strange looking Narwhals pictured above are also members of the toothed whale odontoceti club. But they are not in the dolphin family. They are in the Monodontidae family.

Whales and dolphins

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March Learn how and when to remove this template message The two parvorders, baleen whales Mysticeti and toothed whales Odontocetiare thought to have diverged around thirty-four million years ago.

Baleen whales have bristles made of keratin instead of teeth. The bristles filter krill and other small invertebrates from seawater. Grey whales feed on bottom-dwelling mollusks. Rorqual family balaenopterids use throat pleats to expand their mouths to take in food and sieve out the water.

Are dolphins considered whales? - ask Dr. Galapagos

Most mysticetes prefer the food-rich colder waters of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, migrating to the Equator to give birth. During this process, they are capable of fasting for several months, relying on their fat reserves.

The parvorder of Odontocetes — the toothed whales — include sperm whales, beaked whales, killer whales, dolphins and porpoises. Generally the teeth are designed for catching fish, squid or other marine invertebratesnot for chewing them, so prey is swallowed whole. Teeth are shaped like cones dolphins and sperm whalesspades porpoisespegs belugastusks narwhals or variable beaked whale males.

Female beaked whales' teeth are hidden in the gums and are not visible, and most male beaked whales have only two short tusks. A few toothed whales, such as some killer whalesfeed on mammals, such as pinnipeds and other whales.

Whales and dolphins

Toothed whales have well-developed senses — their eyesight and hearing are adapted for both air and water, and they have advanced sonar capabilities using their melon. Their hearing is so well-adapted for both air and water that some blind specimens can survive. Some species, such as sperm whales, are well adapted for diving to great depths.

Several species of toothed whales show sexual dimorphismin which the males differ from the females, usually for purposes of sexual display or aggression. Anatomy[ edit ] Dolphin anatomy Cetacean bodies are generally similar to that of fish, which can be attributed to their lifestyle and the habitat conditions.

Their body is well-adapted to their habitat, although they share essential characteristics with other higher mammals Eutheria. Almost all have a dorsal fin on their backs that can take on many forms depending on the species.

A few species, such as the beluga whalelack them. Both the flipper and the fin are for stabilization and steering in the water.

Whales - Whale facts and information - WDC

The male genitals and mammary glands of females are sunken into the body. In larger species, it can reach a thickness up to half a meter 1. Sexual dimorphism evolved in many toothed whales.

Sperm whales, narwhalsmany members of the beaked whale family, several species of the porpoise family, killer whales, pilot whaleseastern spinner dolphins and northern right whale dolphins show this characteristic.

The fluke is set horizontally on the body, unlike fish, which have vertical tails.The term "whales" here includes all cetaceans (whales, dolphins, and porpoises), which are a diverse group of animals ranging in size from just a few feet long to over feet srmvision.com most whales spend their lives offshore in the ocean's pelagic zone, some inhabit coastal areas and even spend part of their lives in fresh water.

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Whales and dolphins are mammals that belong to the order cetacea, which also includes porpoises. The two animals are physiologically different, with whales often being larger than dolphins and more comfortable in a wider range of water temperatures. Wild Ocean Whale Society (WOWs) is a non-profit marine conservation society, based in Powell River, BC.

Since , we’ve been working to highlight the whales, dolphins and porpoise of the BC coast, and to raise public awareness, respect and enthusiasm for their protection and welfare. These dolphins belong to the suborder Odontoceti, which means they are "toothed whales". Other toothed whales include sperm whales (the biggest), beaked whales, bottlenose whales, porpoises, beluga whales, narwhals, river dolphins, pygmy sperm whales, and dwarf sperm whales.

Whale and Dolphin Conservation is dedicated solely to the worldwide conservation and welfare of all whales, dolphins and porpoises.

Whales and dolphins

Please support us! Whales and Dolphins are Cetaceans - a group of mammals which belong to the order Cetacea. There are two classifications of Cetacea - Odontoceti (toothed Whales) and Mysticeti (baleen whales).

Whales are large, aquatic mammals that breathe air through either one or two blowholes into their lungs.

Whales and Dolphins BC – A publication of Wild Ocean Whale Society (WOWs)