References and Further Reading 1. He personifies the Laws of Athens, and, speaking in their voice, explains that he has acquired an overwhelming obligation to obey the Laws because they have made his entire way of life, and even the fact of his very existence, possible. They made it possible for his mother and father to marry, and therefore to have legitimate children, including himself.
Short essay on social contract theory of the origin of society Ashish Agarwal Advertisements: The social contract theory throws light on the origin of the society. According to this theory all men are born free and equal.
Individual the classical representatives of this school of thought are Thomas Hobbes, John Locke and J. The three of them thought in various ways that before the existence of civil society men lived in a sort of pre-social state, called the state of nature and in virtue of a contract among themselves, society came into existence.
The essence of their argument is as follows. Thomas Hobbes an English thinker was of the opinion that society came into being as a weapon for the protection against the consequences of their own nature.
Man in the state of nature was in perpetual conflict with his neighbours on account of his essentially selfish nature. Every man was an enemy to every other man. Thus men in the state of nature were like hungry wolves each ready to pounce of on the other with all its ferocity.
Since the conditions in the state of nature were intolerable and men longed for peace the people entered into a kind of contract to ensure for themselves security and certainty of life and property. By mutual agreement they decided to surrender their natural rights hi to the hands of a few or one with authority to command the convenient or agreement was of each with all and all with each.
The covenant was, of course, a social contract and a governmental. The contract binding on the whole community as perpetual social bond. Thus in order to protect himself against the evil consequence of his own nature man organized himself in society in order to live in peace with all.
In order to escape from this and to gain certainty and security men made a contract to enter into civil society or the state. This contract Locke called social contract.
The contract put an end to the state of nature and substituted it by civil society. The contract was for limited and specific purposes, and what was given up or surrendered to the whole community and not to a man or to an assembly of man as Hobbes said Locke made it clear that the social contract latter on contributed to the government control.
He was independent, contented, self-sufficient, healthy, fearless and good. It was only primitive instinct and sympathy which united him with others. He knew neither right nor wrong and free from all notions of virtue and vice.
Man enjoyed a pure unsophisticated, innocent life of perfect freedom and equality in the state of nature. Rousseau argued men were free from the influence of civilization, and sought their own happiness uncontrolled by social laws and social institutions.
But these conditions did not last long. Population increased and reason was dawned. Difference between stronger and weaker, rich and poor, arise.
When equality and happiness of the early state was lost, murder, conflicts, wretchedness etc. The escape from this was found in the formation of civil society. Natural freedom gave place to civil freedom by a social contract.
As a result of this contract a multitude of individuals became a collective unity in a civil society. On the basis of above analysis it is clear that society.John Locke was born in Wrington, Somerset, England on August 29 to John Locke and Agnes Keene, who were both Puritans (Uzgalis , Wikipedia , Microsoft Encarta His father, after whom he was named, served as captain of cavalry for the Parliamentarian forces in the early part of the English Civil War.
CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOUNDATION Bill of Rights in Action Spring () Developments in Democracy BRIA Home. LOCKE, John ().
One of the pioneers in modern thinking was the English philosopher John Locke. He made great contributions in studies of politics, government, and psychology. Locke begins his theory by visualizing a state of nature that human beings live in before agreeing to the social contract.
In Locke's state of nature, there is freedom, but not entirely because he claims that the law of nature governing this estate is from God. John Locke (b. , d. ), a prominent truth-seeker among other professions of the 17th and early 18th centuries, is primarily recognized for the creation of his influential social contract theory.
John Locke ( - ) was an English philosopher of the Age of Reason and early Age of srmvision.com ideas had enormous influence on the development of Epistemology and Political Philosophy, and he is widely regarded as one of the most influential early Enlightenment thinkers..
He is usually considered the first of the British Empiricists, the movement which included George Berkeley .