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Theory[ edit ] This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.
Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. October Learn how and when to remove this template message Under MAD, each side has enough nuclear weaponry to destroy the other side and that either side, if attacked for any reason by the other, would retaliate with equal or greater force.
The doctrine requires that neither side construct shelters on a massive scale. The doctrine further assumes that neither side will dare to launch a first strike because the other side would launch on warning also called fail-deadly or with surviving forces a second strikeresulting in unacceptable losses for both parties.
The payoff of the MAD doctrine was and still is expected to be a tense but stable global peace. The primary application of this doctrine started during the Cold War s toin which MAD was seen as helping to prevent any direct full-scale conflicts between the United States and the Soviet Union while they engaged in smaller proxy wars around the world.
It was also responsible for the arms raceas both nations struggled to keep nuclear parity, or at least retain second-strike capability. Proponents of MAD as part of U.
Since the credibility of the threat is critical to such assurance, each side had to invest substantial capital in their nuclear arsenals even if they were not intended for use.
This MAD scenario is often referred to as nuclear deterrence. The term "deterrence" is now used in this context;  originally, its use was limited to legal terminology. No decisive war is possible that will not entail even upon the victorious Power, the destruction of its resources and the breakup of society.
War has therefore become impossible, except at the price of suicide. In Augustthe United States accepted the surrender of Japan after the nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Four years later, on August 29,the Soviet Union detonated its own nuclear device.
At the time, both sides lacked the means to effectively use nuclear devices against each other. However, with the development of aircraft like the American Convair B and the Soviet Tupolev Tuboth sides were gaining a greater ability to deliver nuclear weapons into the interior of the opposing country.
The official nuclear policy of the United States became one of " massive retaliation ", as coined by President Dwight D. In his book On Thermonuclear War he advocated a more reasoned approach to nuclear warfare and was understood by some of his critics to be a nuclear war hawk in his writings.
He did however hold a profound belief in the possibility of success in the event of a nuclear war. He used the concept of the Doomsday Machine as an "idealized almost caricaturized device"  to illustrate the danger of taking MAD to its extreme. He writes, "I used to be wary of discussing the concept for fear that some colonel would get out a General Operating Requirement or Development Planning Objective for the device".
Based on the findings of the report, my conclusion was that this idea was not a practical deterrent, for reasons which, at this moment, must be all too obvious.
InPresident John F.In the current geopolitical climate, with tensions mounting between the United States and North Korea, the possibility of nuclear war is omnipresent.
U.S. President Trump trades bombastic claims about dropping the bomb with North Korea’s Supreme Leader Kim . Aug 31, · The Cold War ended over two decades ago, and many people have never lived under the shadow of nuclear and radiological threats. Still, a nuclear attack is a very real threat.
Global politics are far from stable, and human nature has changed none in 78%(34). Though the likelihood of a nuclear war between the United States and Russia has decreased, the existence of nuclear weapons continues to pose a serious global threat.
The Threat of Nuclear War Since the Cold War I partly agree and disagree with the above statement. Nuclear war was at the height of taking place in the cold war and whilst it has subsided a little since the end it has not yet completely gone. Over a period of a few years, many in the American defense community became increasingly convinced of the invincibility of the United States to a nuclear attack.
Indeed, it became generally believed that the threat of nuclear war would deter any strike against the United States. Mutually Assured Destruction: History, Timeline, and Significance The military doctrine of mutual assured destruction was instrumental in maintaining peace during the Cold War, when the threat of nuclear weapons loomed large.