One of his prime tasks must be the research, resurrection, and dissemination of information about the long suppressed contributions Africans in Africa and the diaspora have made toward the development of world civilization. For instance, Greece is praised as the original foundation of world culture, the development of the Arts and Sciences, while the fact that the development of Greece was strongly influenced by Africa is ignored. It must not be forgotten that the Greeks did not carry culture and learning to Africa, but located them there. More than anything else, the legacies of slavery and colonialism have been devastating to African peoples, and the effects of these human institutions linger on.
The failure of Haslip- Viera, Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour to realize an African presence in PreColumbian America, is the result of their ignorance of the normal science of ancient Afrocentric studies Winters, Haslip-Viera, Ortiz d e Montellano and Barbour This view is false.
The ancient Afrocentric studies research tradition was developed before the 's Wint ers, The ancient Afrocentric studies research tradition reflects almost two hundred years of original research in the area of ancient Afrocentric studies Winters, Contrary to the views of Haslip-Viera, Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour ancient Afrocentric historical research makes ancient Afrocentric area studies a valid field of research Winters, Haslip-Viera, Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour criticized the view held by many Afrocentrist that the Olmec peo ple were Africans, due to the research of Ivan van Sertima.
Haslip-Viera, Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour These authors are wrong on both counts, there are numerous resemblance between the ancient Olmec people and ancient Nubians, and an African artifact: Manding writing, is engraved on many Olmec artifacts discovered during archaeological excavation Winters,Haslip-Viera, Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour argue that the Olmecs could not have been Nubians or Kushites of the Napata-Meroe civilization, as claimed by van Sertima because the Olmec civilization preceded the civilization of the Kushites by hundreds of years.
The ancient Nubians like African- Americans today were not monolithic, they had different hues of skin, facial features and nose shapes Keita, This is evident in from the wall-painting from the tomb-chapel of Sebekhotep at Thebes, c.
The Sphinx of Taharqo c. King Taharqa Moreover a comparison of Olmec heads and a bust of Taharqo illustrated striking similarities when they were placed along side each other Winters, b: The iconographic evidence of the ancient Nubians clearly indicate that there were many round faced, thick lipped, flat nosed Nubians described in the Classical literature Snowden, Although the Olmec and Meroitic iconographic documents share many analogous facial featureswe must admit that the Nubian hypothesis for the Olmecs must be rejected.
It must be rejected because the Kings of Meroitic Kush, and the Olmec Kings existed during different historical eras. It highlights the failure of van Sertima to critically read the sources of Africans in ancient America and study the archaeology of West Africa and the Sahara.
They claim that I support the Egypto- Nubian hypothesis of van Sertima, and belong to the so-called "extreme" Afrocentric position on Olmec civilization Haslip- Viera, Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour, And, there is no denying the fact that Africans early settled the Americas Wiener, ; von Wuthenau, Following Wiener I have maintained all along the traditional Afrocentric view of Olmec and African paradigm that the Manding speaking West Africans had contact with the Olmec.
Wiener based his identification of the Manding influence over the Olmecs eventhough he was unaware of this people at the time through his identification of Manding writing on the Tuxtla statuette which was created by the Olmecs Soustelle, ; Tate, The major evidence for the African origin of the Olmecs comes from the writing of the Maya and Olmec people.
As mentioned earlier most experts believe that the Mayan writing system came from the Olmecs Soustelle, The evidence of African styl e writing among the Olmecs is evidence for Old World influence in Mexico. The view that the Olmecs were the fir st Americans to 1 invent a complex system of chronology, 2 a method of calculating time, and 3 a hieroglyphic script which was later adopted by Izapan and Mayan civilizations, is now accepted by practically all Meso-American specialist Soustelle, InI announced the decipherment of the Olmec writing Winters, It has long been felt by many Meso-Americanist that the Olmec writing met non of these criteria because, no one knew exactly what language was spoken by the Olmec that appear suddenly at San Lorenzo and La Venta in Veracruz, around B.
|The Nubians and Olmecs / Essays / Sociology / ID:||The failure of Haslip- Viera, Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour to realize an African presence in PreColumbian America, is the result of their ignorance of the normal science of ancient Afrocentric studies Winters, Haslip-Viera, Ortiz d e Montellano and Barbour|
|SOLUTION: Unit 8 Ethics Assignment Allen Lopez, law homework help - Law - Studypool||Haslip-Viera, Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour have argued that Olmec civilization was not influenced by Africans and therefore Afrocentrism should have no standing in higher education, but in fact it can be illustrated that the facial types as sociated with the Olmec people and Meroitic people are identical; and that Olmec figurines such as the Tuxtla statuette excavation are inscribed with African writing used by the Mande people of West Africa Wiener, ; Winters,of Manding writing provide the "absolute proof " recovered by archaeologists from "controlled excavations in the New World" demanded by Haslip-Viera, Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour|
The view that Africans originated writing in America is not new. Scholars early recognized the affinity between Amerindian scripts and the Mande script s Wiener,v. InRafinesque noted the similarities between the Mayan glyphs and the Libyco-Berber writing. And Leo Wienerv. In addition, Harold Lawrence noted that the "petroglyphic" inscriptions found throughout much of the southern hemisphere compared identically with the writing system of the Manding.
The second evidence pointing to the Manding origin of the Olmec writing was provided by Leo Wiener in Africa and the Discovery of America ,v.
Wiener presented evidence that the High Civilizations of Mexico Maya and Aztecs had acquired many o f the cultural and religious traditions of the Malinke-Bambara Manding people of West Africa.
In volume 3, of Africa and the Discovery of America, Wiener discussed the analogy between the glyphs on the Tuxtla statuette and the Manding glyphs engraved on rocks in Mandeland.
Up untilthere were only a few published Olmec inscriptions Winters, Mar 05, · The failure of Haslip- Viera, Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour () to realize an African presence in PreColumbian America, is the result of their ignorance of the normal science of ancient Afrocentric studies (Winters, ).
Many people are under the impression that there is no evidence of a sustained presence of Black and African people in the New World prior to slavery. Plant Evidence for Contact Between Africa and the New World Claims for contact between the Old World and the New World often involve the diffusion of domesticated plants.
The failure of Haslip- Viera, Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour () to realize an African presence in PreColumbian America, is the result of their ignorance of the normal science of ancient Afrocentric studies (Winters, ). pascual ortiz rubio. pascual ortiz rubio Essay Examples.
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Words. to. Apr 22, · Haslip-Viera, Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour ( , ) argue that the claims of the Afrocentrists claims that the Olmecs were Africans, must be rejected because 1) the Olmecs do not look like Nubians, and 2) the absence of an African artifact recovered from an archaeological excavation.