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Recording in reconstructed Middle English pronunciation Problems playing this file? From philological research, we know certain facts about the pronunciation of English during the time of Chaucer.
Chaucer's Physician, like the rest of the characters in The Canterbury Tales, is portrayed in a lightly satirical manner. While learned, the Physician is also pompous and greedy. While learned. The procession that crosses Chaucer's pages is as full of life and as richly textured as a medieval tapestry. The Knight, the Miller, the Friar, the Squire, the Prioress, the Wife of Bath, and others who make up the cast of characters -- including Chaucer himself -- are real people, with human /5(K). The Wife of Bath’s Prologue, however, is very long, and much more interesting for our purposes than her Tale is. Without invitation she charges straight into a lengthy homily, bolstered by explicit personal detail, on marriage, gender relations and women’s self-governance.
In some cases, vowel letters in Middle English were pronounced very differently from Modern English, because the Great Vowel Shift had not yet happened. It is obvious, however, that Chaucer borrowed portions, sometimes very large portions, of his stories from earlier stories, and that his work was influenced by the general state of the literary world in which he lived.
Storytelling was the main entertainment in England at the time, and storytelling contests had been around for hundreds of years. In 14th-century England the English Pui was a group with an appointed leader who would judge the songs of the group.
The winner received a crown and, as with the winner of The Canterbury Tales, a free dinner. It was common for pilgrims on a pilgrimage to have a chosen "master of ceremonies" to guide them and organise the journey.
Like the Tales, it features a number of narrators who tell stories along a journey they have undertaken to flee from the Black Death. It ends with an apology by Boccaccio, much like Chaucer's Retraction to the Tales.
A quarter of the tales in The Canterbury Tales parallel a tale in the Decameron, although most of them have closer parallels in other stories. Some scholars thus find it unlikely that Chaucer had a copy of the work on hand, surmising instead that he must have merely read the Decameron at some point,  while a new study claims he had a copy of the Decameron and used it extensively as he began work on his own collection.
They include poetry by Ovidthe Bible in one of the many vulgate versions in which it was available at the time the exact one is difficult to determineand the works of Petrarch and Dante.
Chaucer was the first author to use the work of these last two, both Italians. Boethius ' Consolation of Philosophy appears in several tales, as the works of John Gower do.
Gower was a known friend to Chaucer. A full list is impossible to outline in little space, but Chaucer also, lastly, seems to have borrowed from numerous religious encyclopaedias and liturgical writings, such as John Bromyard 's Summa praedicantiuma preacher's handbook, and Jerome 's Adversus Jovinianum.
Chaucer's Tales differs from most other story "collections" in this genre chiefly in its intense variation. Most story collections focused on a theme, usually a religious one.
Even in the Decameron, storytellers are encouraged to stick to the theme decided on for the day. The idea of a pilgrimage to get such a diverse collection of people together for literary purposes was also unprecedented, though "the association of pilgrims and storytelling was a familiar one".
In the General Prologue, Chaucer describes not the tales to be told, but the people who will tell them, making it clear that structure will depend on the characters rather than a general theme or moral. This idea is reinforced when the Miller interrupts to tell his tale after the Knight has finished his.
Having the Knight go first gives one the idea that all will tell their stories by class, with the Monk following the Knight. However, the Miller's interruption makes it clear that this structure will be abandoned in favour of a free and open exchange of stories among all classes present.
General themes and points of view arise as the characters tell their tales, which are responded to by other characters in their own tales, sometimes after a long lapse in which the theme has not been addressed. His writing of the story seems focused primarily on the stories being told, and not on the pilgrimage itself.
Medieval schools of rhetoric at the time encouraged such diversity, dividing literature as Virgil suggests into high, middle, and low styles as measured by the density of rhetorical forms and vocabulary. Another popular method of division came from St.For a particularly helpful reading of the Wife’s satirical background, see Jill Mann’s Chaucer and Medieval Estates Satire: The Literature of SocialClasses and the General Prologue to the Canterbury Tales (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ), pp.
– Unlike the other tales we have examined so far, Chaucer’s “The Wife of Bath’s Talc” was probably written for inclusion in the larger framework of The Canterbury Tales and not as an occasional piece for the royal court.
Its subject matter and implied audience indicate that it was not intended for the royal court but for a larger. Chaucer's Physician, like the rest of the characters in The Canterbury Tales, is portrayed in a lightly satirical manner.
While learned, the Physician is also pompous and greedy. While learned. In Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, The Wife of Bath’s Tale continues this theme of antifeminism by portraying women as incapable of maintaining power, justifying male supremacy.
The mythological and distant setting of the Tale suggests that women with power cannot exist in the real world. throughout The Canterbury Tales, sovereignty describes the legitimate power governing a hierarchical relationship, and it indicates shared own - ership and judgment.
8 Chaucer’s Matter of britain romances, the Man of Law’s tale and the Wife of bath’s tale, both define nationhood through ideals of sovereignty and plots centered on marriage.
Each character that narrates a tale in The Canterbury Tales counts as one of Chaucer's performances, but one particular narrator displays Chaucer's craft at its highest quality. This narrator is the Wife of Bath.