How to Write a Summary of an Article? Despite this, Jewett is just as able to employ her chosen area in the exploration of the attitudes and beliefs in those living there.
List of place names in New England of aboriginal origin New England was inhabited by Algonquian -speaking tribes when the first colonists arrived, including the Essays description new englandthe Penobscotthe Pequotthe Wampanoagand many others.
They referred to the region as Norumbeganamed for a fabled city that was supposed to exist there. Prior to the arrival of colonists, the Western Abenakis inhabited New Hampshire and Vermont, as well as parts of Quebec and western Maine.
The Connecticut region was inhabited by the Mohegan and Pequot tribes prior to colonization. The Connecticut River Valley linked different tribes in cultural, linguistic, and political ways. As early asFrench, Dutch, and English traders began to trade metal, glass, and cloth for local beaver pelts.
The purpose of both was to claim land for England and trade.
Under the charters, the territory allocated was defined as follows: Virginia Company of London: Popham Colony These were privately funded proprietary ventures, and the purpose of each was to claim land for England, trade, and return a profit. Plymouth Colony The name "New England" was officially sanctioned on November 3, when the charter of the Virginia Company of Plymouth was replaced by a royal charter for the Plymouth Council for New Englanda joint stock company established to colonize and govern the region.
In Decemberthe permanent settlement of Plymouth Colony was established by the PilgrimsEnglish Puritan separatists who arrived on the Mayflower. They held a feast of gratitude which became part of the American tradition of Thanksgiving. Plymouth Colony had a small population and size, and it was absorbed into Massachusetts Bay Colony in Massachusetts Bay Colony Puritans began to immigrate from England in large numbers, and they established the Massachusetts Bay Colony in with settlers.
They sought to reform the Church of England by creating a new, pure church in the New World. By20, had arrived, although many died soon after arrival. The Puritans created a deeply religious, socially tight-knit, and politically innovative culture that still influences the United States.
Rhode Island and Connecticut[ edit ] Incorporated Towns in New England as they appeared around Roger Williams preached religious toleration, separation of Church and Stateand a complete break with the Church of England. He was banished from Massachusetts for his theological views and led a group south to found Providence Plantations in It merged with other settlements to form the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantationswhich became a haven for Baptists, Quakers, Jews, and others, including Anne Hutchinson who had been banished during the Antinomian Controversy.
Vermont was still unsettled, and the territories of New Hampshire and Maine were governed by Massachusetts.
The Dominion of New England — [ edit ] King James II of England became concerned about the increasingly independent ways of the colonies, in particular their self-governing charters, open flouting of the Navigation Actsand increasing military power.
The union was imposed upon the colonies and removed nearly all the leaders who had been elected by the colonists themselves, and it was highly unpopular as a result.
The Connecticut Colony refused to deliver their charter to dominion Governor Edmund Andros inso he sent an armed contingent to seize it. According to popular legend, the colonists hid the charter inside the Charter Oak tree.
King James was removed from the throne in the Glorious Revolution ofand Andros was arrested and sent back to England by the colonists during the Boston revolt. An uneasy tension existed between the Royal Governors and their officers, versus the officials who had been elected by the colonists themselves.
The governors wanted essentially unlimited powers, and the different layers of elected officials resisted as best they could. In most cases, towns continued operating as self-governing bodies, as they had done previously, and ignored the Royal Governors whenever possible.
The New England colonies were not formally united again untilwhen all thirteen colonies declared themselves independent states in a larger union called the United States of America.In "A Description of New England," John Smith talks about how amazing the nature is in the new world.
He did this to persuade people to come to the new world so they and he could profit from the abundance of nature that he sees while traveling.5/5(1).
Free family trip papers, essays, and research papers. Essays in Natural History and Evolution: THE ESSAY in science is an art form as well as a means of communicating ideas.
All scientists publish their findings somewhere, but relatively few produce books or monographs. From a Description of New England In "From a Description of New England," John Smith talks about just how stunning the outdoors in the new world is. He seemed to describe nature this way to convince many people to come to the new world so that they all would be able to gain from the overflow of nature that he saw while on his voyage.
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