He has published widely on the topic of architecture and memory, including "Planning Memory:
Preliminary Distinctions Egalitarianism is a contested concept in social and political thought. One might care about human equality in many ways, for many reasons. An egalitarian might rather be one who maintains that people ought to be treated as equals—as possessing equal fundamental worth and dignity and as equally morally considerable.
In this sense, a sample non-egalitarian would be one who believes that people born into a higher social caste, or a favored race or ethnicity, or with an above-average stock of traits deemed desirable, ought somehow to count for more than others in calculations that determine what morally ought to be done.
On the thought that the core egalitarian ideal is treating people as equals, see Dworkin Further norms of equality of condition or treatment might be viewed as free-standing or derived from the claim of equality of status.
Controversy also swirls around attempts to specify the class of beings to whom egalitarian norms apply. Some might count all and only human beings as entitled to equality of status.
Some would hold that all and only persons have equal moral status, with the criteria of personhood excluding some humans from qualifying e. Some would hold that sentient beings such as nonhuman primates that do not satisfy criteria of personhood are entitled to equal moral status along with persons.
Some advance other views. Egalitarianism can be instrumental or non-instrumental. Given a specification of some aspect of people's condition or mode of treating them that should be equal, one might hold that the state of affairs in which the stated equality obtains is morally valuable either as an end or as a means.
The instrumental egalitarian values equality as a means to some independently specifiable goal; the non-instrumental egalitarian values equality for its own sake—as an end, or as partly constitutive of some end. For example, someone who believes that the maintenance of equality across a group of people fosters relations of solidarity and community among them, and is desirable for that reason, qualifies as an instrumental egalitarian.
Someone who believes that equality of some sort is a component of justice, and morally required as such, would be a non-instrumental egalitarian. Equality of any sort might be valued conditionally or unconditionally. One values equality in the former way if equality is deemed valuable only if some further condition is in place.
One might hold that equality in the distribution of resources among a group of persons is valuable, but only on the condition that the individuals are equally deserving. Equality might be deemed to be desirable or undesirable.
A separate and distinct range of questions concerns whether or not people ought to act to bring about equality or are obligated to bring about equality see Nagel The discussion to come often merges these questions, the assumption being that if equality is valuable, that is at least one good reason for thinking one should bring it about.
For those who regard equality as a requirement of justice, the question arises, whether this is a timeless unchanging or instead a variable requirement.
Michael Walzer is one who appears to take the latter view. According to Walzer, a society is just if and only if its practices and institutions are in accord with the shared values and cultural understandings of its people.
Democratic egalitarianism becomes a requirement of justice in modern societies, because this egalitarianism is an underlying important element of people's shared values and cultural understandings Walzer But this appearance may be misleading. Walzer may hold that everyone at all times and places has an equal moral entitlement to be treated according to the shared norms and cultural understandings of one's people or group.Both formal and informal logic are of important use in the study and practice of law.
Quantitative Data Studies show that philosophy majors receive higher scores on major standardized tests, including the GRE and the LSAT. Processes of globalization mean that some features of consumer culture are evident across the globe; products, lifestyle images and understandings of well-being, economic organization, and the political and cultural valuing of consumer choice all circulate across the globe in a diversity of ways.
By Ben Kaplan, National Post.
PenTales began as a series of 20 stories written in 20 notebooks in Brooklyn, New York, that later travelled – one writer at a time – all over the world.
Culture is more of a living thing, and most advertising is about deadening experience - or at least reducing it to consumer choices. I know what Arthur Miller means, but it's . Because authentic informal leaders, who are found in every organization, are often not recognized as such, they are frequently overlooked and underused when it comes to driving culture.
American Philosophy (Classical and Contemporary Pragmatism), Philosophy of Law, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Logic, Philosophy of Education, Ethics, Popular Culture and Philosophy Philosophers of current interest include Michael Oakeshott, Edmund Burke, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Peter Viereck, John Dewey, .