Germany promotes trade with genocidal Sri Lanka [Sun, 11 Nov Germany is also home to a large number of genocide-affected Eezham Tamils.
The Meenakshi Amman Temple Much later, the Pallavas were replaced by the Chola dynasty as the dominant kingdom in the 9th century and they in turn were replaced by the Pandyan Dynasty in About tamil nadu of india 13th century.
The Pandyan capital Madurai was in the deep south away from the coast. They had extensive trade links with the south east Asian maritime empires of Srivijaya and their successors, as well as contacts, even formal diplomatic contacts, reaching as far as the Roman Empire.
During the 13th century, Marco Polo mentioned the Pandyas as the richest empire in existence. They controlled the pearl fisheries along the south coast of India, between Sri Lanka and India, which produced some of the finest pearls in the known ancient world.
Aditya I and his son Parantaka I expanded the kingdom to the northern parts of Tamil Nadu by defeating the last Pallava king, Aparajitavarman. Rajaraja Chola conquered all of peninsular south India and parts of Sri Lanka.
He defeated Mahipalathe king of Bengal, and to commemorate his victory he built a new capital and named it Gangaikonda Cholapuram. The Cholas were prolific temple builders right from the times of the first medieval king Vijayalaya Chola.
These are the earliest specimen of Dravidian temples under the Cholas. His son Aditya I built several temples around the Kanchi and Kumbakonam regions. The Cholas went on to becoming a great power and built some of the most imposing religious structures in their lifetime and they also renovated temples and buildings of the Pallavasacknowledging their common socio-religious and cultural heritage.
The celebrated Nataraja temple at Chidambaram and the Sri Ranganathaswami Temple at Srirangam held special significance for the Cholas which have been mentioned in their inscriptions as their tutelary deities.
Architecture from Chola period From left to right: The Vijayanagara empire eventually conquered the entire Tamil country by c. Subsequently, as the Vijayanagara Empire went into decline after the midth century, many local rulers, called Nayakssucceeded in gaining the trappings of independence.
This eventually resulted in the further weakening of the empire; many Nayaks declared themselves independent, among whom the Nayaks of Madurai and Tanjore were the first to declare their independence, despite initially maintaining loose links with the Vijayanagara kingdom.
They reconstructed some of the well-known temples in Tamil Nadu such as the Meenakshi Temple. Power struggles of the 18th century — [ edit ] By the early 18th century, the political scene in Tamil Nadu saw a major change-over and was under the control of many minor rulers aspiring to be independent.
The fall of the Vijayanagara empire and the Chandragiri Nayakas gave the sultanate of Golconda a chance to expand into the Tamil heartland. When the sultanate was incorporated into the Mughal Empire inthe northern part of current-day Tamil Nadu was administrated by the nawab of the Carnaticwho had his seat in Arcot from onward.
Meanwhile, to the south, the fall of the Thanjavur Nayaks led to a short-lived Thanjavur Maratha kingdom. The fall of the Madurai Nayaks brought up many small Nayakars of southern Tamil Nadu, who ruled small parcels of land called palayams.
Fort Dansborg at Tharangambadi built by the Danish Europeans started to establish trade centres during the 17th century in the eastern coastal regions.
Aroundthe Dutch established a settlement in Pulicat while the Danes had their establishment in Tharangambadi also known as Tranquebar.
British constructed Fort St. George  and established a trading post at Madras. Nawabs of the Carnatic bestowed tax revenue collection rights on the East India Company for defeating the Kingdom of Mysore. Muhammad Ali Khan Wallajah surrendered much of his territory to the East India Company which firmly established the British in the northern parts.
Ina tripartite treaty was signed between Thanjavur Maratha, Carnatic and the British by which Thanjavur became a vassal of the Nawab of the Carnatic which eventually ceded to British. In the south, Nawabs granted taxation rights to the British which led to conflicts between British and the Palaiyakkarar, which resulted in series of wars called Polygar war to establish independent states by the aspiring Palaiyakkarar.
Puli Thevar was one of the earliest opponents of the British rule in South India. Oomaithuraiyounger brother of Kattabomman, took asylum under the Maruthu brothersPeriya Marudhu and Chinna Marudhu and raised an army .TamilNet is a news and feature service that focuses on providing reliable and accurate information on issues concerning the Tamil people in Sri Lanka.
It is one of the metropolis of India and serves as the gateway of the culture of South India. In spite of being the capital of a Tamil speaking State, it has emerged as a cosmopolitan city playing an important role in the historical, cultural and intellectual development of India, representing still the distinct components of the highest form of Dravidian civilisation.
Most Tamils in India live in the state of Tamil Nadu. Tamils are the majority in the union territory of Puducherry, a former French colony.
Puducherry is a subnational enclave situated within Tamil Nadu. The words Tamil Nadu literally means ‘The Land of The Tamils or Tamil Country’.The State of Tamil Nadu is the 11th largest State out of the 29 states of India.
But what Tamil Nadu lacks in size, it gains in its abundance of natural resources. The complete list of Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu consists of the heads of government in the history of the state of Tamil Nadu in India since The area under the present-day state of Tamil Nadu has been part of different territorial configurations under Madras Presidency and Madras State in its history.
Century + in Agriculture Education and Research T. amil Nadu Agricultural University is a leading agrotechnology provider of India and its graduates are recognized throughout the world.