This model consists of ten carative factors to assist nurses with caring for their patients. Watson calls this a transpersonal relationship. Watson defines transpersonal care as the capacity of one human being to receive another human beings expression of feelings and to experience those feelings for oneself Walker,p.
According to Watson, caring is central to nursing practice, and promotes health better than a simple medical cure. The nursing model also states that caring can be demonstrated and practiced by nurses. Caring for patients promotes growth; a caring environment accepts a person as he or she is, and looks to what he or she may become.
Society Society provides the values that determine how one should behave and what goals one should strive toward. Every society has had some people who have cared for others.
A caring attitude is not transmitted from generation to generation by genes. It is transmitted by the culture of the profession as a unique way of coping with its environment. Human is viewed as greater than and different from the sum of his or her parts.
Health Health is the unity and harmony within the mind, body, and soul; health is associated with the degree of congruence between the self as perceived and the self as experienced. It is defined as a high level of overall physical, mental, and social functioning; a general adaptive-maintenance level of daily functioning; and the absence of illness, or the presence of efforts leading to the absence of illness.
Nursing Nursing is a human science of persons and human health — illness experiences that are mediated by professional, personal, scientific, esthetic, and ethical human care transactions. Actual Caring Occasion Actual caring occasion involves actions and choices by the nurse and the individual.
The moment of coming together in a caring occasion presents the two persons with the opportunity to decide how to be in the relationship — what to do with the moment.
Transpersonal The transpersonal concept is an intersubjective human-to-human relationship in which the nurse affects and is affected by the person of the other. Both are fully present in the moment and feel a union with the other; they share a phenomenal field that becomes part of the life story of both.
Time The present is more subjectively real and the past is more objectively real. The past is prior to, or in a different mode of being than the present, but it is not clearly distinguishable. Past, present, and future incidents merge and fuse.
As carative factors evolved within an expanding perspective, and as her ideas and values evolved, Watson offered a translation of the original carative factors into clinical caritas processes that suggested open ways in which they could be considered. The ten primary carative factors with their corresponding translation into clinical caritas processes are listed in the table below.
Lower Order Psychophysical Needs or Functional Needs Next in line are the lower-order psychophysical needs or functional needs. Higher Order Psychosocial Needs or Integrative Needs The higher order psychosocial needs or integrative needs include the need for achievement, and affiliation.
Higher Order Intrapersonal-Interpersonal Need or Growth-seeking Need The higher order intrapersonal-interpersonal need or growth-seeking need is the need for self-actualization. The assessment includes observation, identification, and review of the problem, as well as the formation of a hypothesis.
Creating a care plan helps the nurse determine how variables would be examined or measured, and what data would be collected. Intervention is the implementation of the care plan and data collection.
Finally, the evaluation analyzes the data, interprets the results, and may lead to an additional hypothesis. The model can be used to guide and improve practice as it can equip healthcare providers with the most satisfying aspects of practice and can provide the client with holistic care.
Watson considered using nontechnical, sophisticated, fluid, and evolutionary language to artfully describe her concepts, such as caring-love, carative factors, and cartas.
Also, the theory is logical in that the carative factors are based on broad assumptions that provide a supportive framework.
The carative factors are logically derived from the assumptions and related to the hierarchy of needs. The scope of the framework encompasses broad aspects of health-illness phenomena. In addition, the theory addresses aspects of health promotion, preventing illness and experiencing peaceful death, thereby increasing its generality.
The carative factors provide guidelines for nurse-patient interactions, an important aspect of patient care. Weakness The theory does not furnish explicit direction about what to do to achieve authentic caring-healing relationships. Nurses who want concrete guidelines may not feel secure when trying to use this theory alone.
The Philosophy and Science of Caring addresses how nurses express care to their patients. Caring is central to nursing practice, and promotes health better than a simple medical cure.
This led to the formulation of the 10 carative factors: Describing her theory as descriptive, Watson acknowledges the evolving nature of the theory and welcomes input from others.
Although the theory does not lend itself easily to research conducted through traditional scientific methods, recent qualitative nursing approaches are appropriate.Transpersonal Caring theory evolved from Watson’s own personal values, beliefs, and perceptions regarding human life, health, and healing.
(Walker, , p. ) Watson views nursing as a “collective caring-healing role and its mission in society as attending to, and helpting to sustain, humanity and wholeness” (Walker, , p.
). Knowledge Of Nursing Watsons Theory Of Human Caring Nursing Essay. Print to utilize the synthesized literature regarding Jean Watson’s theory in order to evaluate its relevance to my personal experience.
The ten carative factors, transpersonal caring relationship and the caring occasion constitute the elements of the Theory of Human. The Implementation of Jean Watson’s Caring Theory in Nursing Dr. Jean Watson defined nursing as a “Human scientific discipline of individuals and human health-illness experiences that are mediated by professional.
personal. scientific. esthetic. and ethical human“ (Watson. p. 54). Theory Critique: Theory of “Human Caring” Abigail Peerce Maryville University “Caring is the essence of nursing” (Chantal, , p).
Caring is the essence and core of my nursing background and why I chose to take the path towards a career as a professional nurse. Transpersonal caring calls for an authenticity of being and becoming, an ability to be present to self and other in a reflective frame; the transpersonal nurse has the ability to center consciousness and intentionality on caring, healing, and wholeness, rather than on disease, illness and pathology.
Theory Critique of the Human Caring Theory Adele Wolf Maryville University NUR October 03, Theory Critique of the Human Caring Theory The Theory of Human Caring was written by Jean Watson.